Symptoms of the disease

Early symptoms include the following: High fever (above 37.7ºC – the main indication) Headache Joint and muscle pain. Weakness Abdominal (stomach) pain Diarrhoea Vomiting Lack of appetite Unexplained haemorrhage (bleeding) After the fourth or fifth day of the disease, the following may also appear: Kidney and liver failure Maculopapular [ ... ]

Ebola diagnosis

Generally-speaking, diagnosis of the Ebola virus is only possible from the moment the first symptoms appear. The fact that it shares similar symptoms (such as fever) with other diseases means that diagnosis during the initial symptomatic stage requires other types of disease that initially present with similar symptomatology to be discarded. Once [ ... ]

FAQs about Ebola

General information and frequently-asked questions about the outbreak of Ebola virus disease. 1.- What is Ebola virus disease? Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a serious disease that often leads to death. The disease affects humans and non-human primates (monkeys, gorillas and chimpanzees). 2.- What are its symptoms? Symptoms of the disease may appear [ ... ]

Exposure risks

In Spain, where only a single case of secondary infection has been reported involving a worker who treated a patient repatriated from Sierra Leone, the risk is limited to: Close friends and relatives living with an infected person Healthcare workers (doctors, nurses, auxiliary nurses, drivers, cleaners, etc.) who may have come into contact with a [ ... ]

How it CANNOT be spread?

How the virus CANNOT be spread: In the water or in the air. Asymptomatic patients cannot transmit the infection. Contagion becomes increasingly likely as the disease and its symptoms become more advanced. In food: although the Ebola virus cannot be spread through food, it is recommended not to consume meat from animals whose import is not [ ... ]

How CAN it be spread?

The Ebola virus is NOT highly infectious. As regards the current outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa, the risk to the people of Spain is VERY LOW. The virus is spread through the mucous membranes or broken skin via direct contact with: Blood, secretions or other bodily fluids, or tissue or organs from an infected person (alive or dead). [ ... ]

Prevention

No vaccine against the Ebola virus disease has yet been approved by any disease control agency. Several vaccines are currently being tested but none are yet available for clinical use. What preventive measures can be taken to reduce the risk of catching the Ebola virus? In areas outside the epidemic hot zone, such as Spain, no special hygiene and [ ... ]

Vaccines and Treatments

There are currently no vaccines or anti-viral treatments of proven effectiveness against the Ebola virus disease. Symptoms of the disease are treated as they appear. Early treatment improves survival. The following basic treatment measures can be adopted to significantly improve chances of survival: Administer intravenous fluids (IV) and maintain [ ... ]

Measures adopted by the Government of Spain

In collaboration with the Health Councils of the various regional governments, the Instituto de Salud Carlos III [Carlos III Health Institute] and scientific societies, the Spanish Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality has implemented a protocol against the Ebola virus disease in Spain in line with the recommendations issued by [ ... ]

Outbreaks of Ebola around the world

Two distinct outbreaks of Ebola virus disease are currently ongoing in Africa: the outbreak affecting various countries in West Africa; and another outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The WHO distinguishes between two categories of country affected by the outbreak in West Africa based on the intensity of transmission: those countries in [ ... ]