Yolanda Fuentes Rodríguez, Deputy Medical Director of the La Paz-Carlos III Hospital Complex, and José Ramón Arribas, Head of the Infectious Diseases Unit at the La Paz-Carlos III Hospital Complex. Both these experts form part of the Scientific Committee. In this video, they talk about the symptomology of Ebola virus disease.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF EBOLA?
YOLANDA FUENTES: The symptoms are characterised by a high fever, which may be accompanied by headaches, diarrhoea, vomiting and, in the final stages of the disease, various haemorrhagic processes.
JOSÉ RAMÓN ARRIBAS: These symptoms should only concern people returning from countries where an outbreak is present or people who have come into contact with patients – this is a very limited number of people.
HOW LONG CAN THEY TAKE TO APPEAR?
YOLANDA FUENTES: The incubation period is between 2 and 21 days, which is the longest the disease can take to appear.
In this epidemic, the average has been shown to be 11 days – 11 days in Africa.
YOLANDA FUENTES: It has been shown that the disease can only be spread by symptomatic patients.
JOSÉ RAMÓN ARRIBAS: During this incubation period, in which the person will feel fine, no case of transmission has been detected.
WHEN IS THE RISK OF INFECTION AT ITS GREATEST?
YOLANDA FUENTES: The ability to transmit the disease is low during the early days of symptomology when compared with the final days of the disease.
JOSÉ RAMÓN ARRIBAS: The most critical times are when the patient is feeling their worst, when the disease is most advanced and, unfortunately, when handling the body after a patient has died. A body that has died from this disease has an extraordinarily high concentration of the virus.