How the virus CANNOT be spread:
- In the water or in the air.
- Asymptomatic patients cannot transmit the infection. Contagion becomes increasingly likely as the disease and its symptoms become more advanced.
- In food: although the Ebola virus cannot be spread through food, it is recommended not to consume meat from animals whose import is not authorised in the EU.
People who recover from the Ebola virus cannot spread the disease. However, it is important for infected people who have recovered to remember that the virus may be found in semen for weeks after recovery from the disease (the WHO recommends abstaining from sexual relations or using protection for three months after recovery from the disease). The Ebola virus has no ability to produce chronic infections in a patient. It does not behave like HIV or Hepatitis C; once a patient recovers, no traces of the virus remain.
Can you catch Ebola in public places?
The risk of becoming infected in public places (public transport, aeroplanes, hospitals, trains, restaurants, bathrooms, etc.) is VERY LOW or NON-EXISTENT.
The risk of contagion from being in a public place at the same time as people infected with the Ebola virus is highly unlikely and there would only be a risk if those people were bleeding, vomiting, etc. and you came into direct contact with such secretions.
In the case of travelling in an aircraft with an infected person with symptoms, only those passengers who are in the closest seats are considered to have come into contact with the disease and even they are considered to be at a low risk.
Nonetheless, if you come into contact with someone presenting symptoms of the disease, you should contact the 112 emergency services immediately.