Exposure risks

Imagen de un analista de muestras de ébola

In Spain, where only a single case of secondary infection has been reported involving a worker who treated a patient repatriated from Sierra Leone, the risk is limited to:

  • Close friends and relatives living with an infected person
  • Healthcare workers (doctors, nurses, auxiliary nurses, drivers, cleaners, etc.) who may have come into contact with a patient affected by the virus or material potentially infected by secretions from the patient while not using suitable personal protection equipment
  • Funeral workers who may have worked with the body of a patient who died from the Ebola virus disease while not using suitable personal protection equipment

Risk of exposure in other countries

This risk is hard to assess in those areas where the disease is prevalent because the natural carrier of the virus has not been identified and no solid data has been gathered on how it is transferred to humans.

The current Ebola outbreak in West Africa began in Guinea-Conakry in December 2013. It subsequently spread to neighbouring countries. The three most affected countries at the moment are:

  • Guinea-Conakry
  • Sierra Leone
  • Liberia

This outbreak also produced cases in Nigeria and Senegal, which have been contained. Furthermore, one imported case and another of infection have been identified in US territory. The Democratic Republic of Congo is currently experiencing an outbreak caused by a different strain of the Ebola virus.

Additional information can be found here.